The Food and Drug Administration or FDA warns people about the possible kratom side effects and health risks. This year 2018, the FDA has announced that people must avoid kratom or other products that might contain kratom.
Kratom is a therapeutic and herbal product that came from the dried leaves of a plant called Mitragyna speciosa that usually grows in different regions in Southeast Asia.
What are the uses of kratom?
Kratom can be used as a stimulant as it can boost your physical energy, increase concentration, and increase mental alertness. It can serve as an analgesic as well to help you in treating chronic pain.
Some kratom users consume kratom to help them with their opioid withdrawal symptoms. However, there is limited research information about kratom’s ability to aid people suffering from opiate withdrawal.
FDA said that as of this time, none of the medical uses of kratom had been approved and they even warned the public about potential kratom side effects that they might experience. Those side effects might include psychological and physical dependence.
Why is kratom believed to be risky and controversial?
In the year 2015, 263 people in the United States contacted poison centers after they experienced unpleasant results from using kratom. This report was confirmed by the CDC or Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The usual complaints that were reported are nausea, agitation, and rapid heartbeat.
Kratom side effects and risks that you should consider
According to the American Kratom Association, which is a kratom industry group, it is not recommended or unsafe for children and pregnant women to consume kratom.
Below, we will discuss kratom side effects and the precautions that you can follow to keep yourself safe.
What are the effects of kratom?
According to scientists, kratom’s effects can vary depending on the dose. Taking a small amount between 1 to 5 grams can give you stimulating effects. On the other hand, if you consume a large amount of kratom or between 5 to 15 grams, it can provide you with sedative or pain-relieving impacts, which are similar to opioid.
That information above is based on the journal of Biomed Research International that was published in the year 2015.
How do you consume kratom?
Kratom can be consumed either as a capsule or a pill. However, if you prefer powdered or dried leaves, you can consume them by smoking, chewing, or mixing them into beverages.
What are the short-term side effects of kratom?
You can feel the effects of kratom immediately or in about 5 to minutes after using it according to the Drug Enforcement Administration. Kratom’s effects can last from 2 to 5 hours. However, you can also feel adverse effects in using kratom.
Here are the short-term side effects that you might experience:
- Loss of coordination in the leg and arm muscle
- Heart racing or fluttering or abnormally fast heartbeat
- Dry mouth
- Uneasiness, irritability, and agitation
Other users also reported to have experienced the following:
- Loss of appetite
- Increased urination
What are the long-term side effects of kratom?
Frequent users of kratom in Malaysia and Thailand conducted a study suggesting that there might be long-term kratom side effects. These side effects can occur if you have been using kratom in large amounts in a very long time.
Here are the long-term side effects of kratom:
- Psychosis which can include hearing or seeing things
- Shaking or tremors
- Frequent urination
- Hyperpigmentation or dark spots on the skin especially on the cheeks
- Weight loss
If you experience these side effects, it is advised that you consult your healthcare providers immediately.
Things that you need to know about kratom addiction and withdrawal
According to the FDA, the active compounds that can be found in kratom are similar to the effects that narcotics like opioids have. As a result, kratom can also give you risks of addiction, drug abuse, or even death.
Some people experienced withdrawal symptoms when they stopped taking kratom. They experienced both physical and psychological withdrawal symptoms.
Before you take kratom, make sure that you are aware of the kratom side effects and risks. It is also essential that you consult your health care providers before taking any drug.